Unwanted pigmentation due to skin aging, sun damage or post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation are just some common problems that people might face, especially given the current times of crazy climate changes.
It is best to consult the aesthetic doctor first to get the best and most suitable treatment to get the desired results.
There are several treatment modalities that are safe and effective to treat the abovementioned problems.
1) Chemical PeelAHA (Alpha hydroxy acid) eg. Glycolic acid, is commonly used to treat minor skin blemishes like superficial pigmentation, lines and acne marks. Chemical peels require several treatments over a period of time by gradually titrating the strength of AHA used to exfoliate the superficial layer of the skin.
2) Cosmelan PeelUses Azelaic acid and other skin lightening ingredients to produce gradual lightening of pigmented areas of the skin, which is less harsh, compared to other chemical peels.
3) Laser TreatmentsQ-Switched Nd:YAG lasers are effective for treating pigmentation e.g. age-spots, sun spots, post-acne pigmentation and melasma. Pigmented birthmarks can also be treated* e.g. Cafe-au-lait spots and naevus of Ota. It also stimulates collagen growth in the deeper parts of the skin and can improve mild wrinkles and lines.
It is important to use sunblock of SPF 30 or more daily to prevent further sun damage and re-pigmentation. Maintenance laser to control and treat early pigmentation may also be needed.
* Disclaimer: results vary according to individual