Trigger finger is when the fingers or thumb catches or locked, unable to straighten out with ease when bent and it’s a very painful condition. For the thumb, the condition is called trigger thumb.
Inflamed tendons, tough bands of tissue that connect muscles and bones, gets inflamed and causes trigger finger. When the tendon is inflamed and swollen, bending the finger or thumb can pull the inflamed tendon through a narrowed tendon sheath (the tissue that covers the tendon) making it snap or pop.
Overly repetitive movement or forceful use of the finger or thumb causes trigger finger. It can also arise from rheumatoid arthritis, gout, diabetes and gripping something heavy for a long time.
Trigger finger affects farmers, industrial workers and musicians often, as there is a more repetitive movement of the finger and thumb. Smokers are also prone to get affected by trigger finger or thumb with the frequent use of the lighter. It also affects women more than it does on men and the common age group is between 40 to 60 years old.
What are the symptoms of trigger finger? With physical examination, trigger finger can be detected with the following telltale signs,
Treatment of trigger finger Trigger finger treatment depends on how bad the situation is. Some doctors might suggest taking inflammation relieve medication, injecting steroid into the tendon sheath or splinting.
In other cases, surgery may be required. Surgery is done with an incision in the palm, on the base of the affected finger. The annular band will be released from here, relieving the constriction of the tendon as it passes through the sheath.
What to expect of the procedure? Recovery might take about more than a month, depending on the severity of the case and procedure. Patients might need to go through therapy too if needed.