Skin cancer is appears when there are abnormal skin cells growing uncontrollably. Skin cancer appears when the skin cells multiply rabidly, forming malignant tumors. This happens when unrepaired DNA damage to skin cells from UV radiation triggers mutation or genetic defects.
Melanoma, basal cell and squamous cells are the types of skin cancer. Basal and squamous cells are common and can be treated effectively whereas melanoma is difficult to treat.
The problem with skin cancer is that it would have the appearance of a mole with different pigmentation. With early diagnosis and treatment, melanoma can be treated.
How to remove skin cancer cells?Removing basal or squamous cell is possible by excision. The tumor is cut out with a surgical knife along with some surrounding normal skin. The remaining skin is carefully stitched back together.
Large basal or squamous cell removal will require skin grafting as the remaining surrounding skin may not be possible to stretch and stitched together. In this case, skin from another part of the body is taken and grafted over the wound. Healthy skin chosen for the “plastering” on the wound would be assessed carefully by plastic surgeon.
The skin that is grafted over to the wound of the removed cancer cell would take some time for it to settle down and blend in with the rest of the surrounding skin area. During this time, reviews will be made and patients will be asked for check up on the 6th months period and after two years.