Rhinoplasty is a plastic surgery procedure for correcting and reconstructing the form, restoring the functions, and aesthetically enhancing the nose, by resolving nasal trauma (blunt, penetrating, blast), congenital defect, respiratory impediment, or a failed primary rhinoplasty.
In the surgeries — closed rhinoplasty and open rhinoplasty — an otolaryngologist (ear, nose, and throat specialist), a maxillofacial surgeon (jaw, face, and neck specialist), or a plastic surgeon, creates a functional, aesthetic, and facially proportionate nose by separating the nasal skin and the soft tissues from the osseo-cartilaginous nasal framework, correcting them as required for form and function, suturing the incisions, and applying either a package or a stent, or both, to immobilize the corrected nose to ensure the proper healing of the surgical incision.
The non-surgical rhinoplasty procedure corrects and modifies slight defects of the nose by means of subcutaneous injections of biologically inert fillers. The results tend to be relatively transitory, in comparison with the results of nose surgery.
For plastic surgical correction, the structural anatomy of the nose comprehends: the nasal soft tissues, the aesthetic subunits and sugments, the blood supply arteries and veins, the nasal lympathtic system, the facial and nasal nerves, the nasal bones and the nasal cartilages.